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Fuel adulteration issues in Greece

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dc.contributor.author Kalligeros, S en
dc.contributor.author Zannikos, F en
dc.contributor.author Stournas, S en
dc.contributor.author Lois, E en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-01T01:19:00Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-01T01:19:00Z
dc.date.issued 2003 en
dc.identifier.issn 0360-5442 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/15315
dc.subject Engine Performance en
dc.subject Environmental Pollution en
dc.subject Indexation en
dc.subject European Union en
dc.subject Member States en
dc.subject.classification Thermodynamics en
dc.subject.classification Energy & Fuels en
dc.subject.other Automotive fuels en
dc.subject.other Chemical analysis en
dc.subject.other Contamination en
dc.subject.other Diesel fuels en
dc.subject.other Environmental impact en
dc.subject.other Gasoline en
dc.subject.other Monitoring en
dc.subject.other Fuel adulteration en
dc.subject.other Fuels en
dc.subject.other energy market en
dc.subject.other European Union en
dc.subject.other fuel en
dc.subject.other petroleum en
dc.subject.other Greece en
dc.title Fuel adulteration issues in Greece en
heal.type journalArticle en
heal.identifier.primary 10.1016/S0360-5442(02)00091-9 en
heal.identifier.secondary http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-5442(02)00091-9 en
heal.language English en
heal.publicationDate 2003 en
heal.abstract The fuel adulteration problem is associated with environmental pollution, problems with engine performance, and tax losses. Here, results are presented of a survey in leaded gasoline and automotive diesel, obtained from service stations representative of all the oil companies operating in Greece. For this purpose, 165 samples of gasoline and 420 samples of automotive diesel were collected from various parts of the country during the years 1998, 1999, and 2000. The gasoline samples were subsequently analyzed for their key properties and for any adulteration with cheaper unleaded gasoline. Octane number, benzene, olefins, and total aromatics were determined with the mid-IR method" and the sulfur content with a UVF elemental analyzer; The analysis of the automotive diesel samples concerned some key properties such as the cetane index, density, sulfur content, and the distillation properties of the fuel. The results indicate that there is a large fluctuation of fuel properties among the oil marketers. Examination of the quinizarin content (the tracer of unleaded gasoline) has shown that 11 leaded gasoline samples (8.8%) were mixed with unleaded gasoline, 5 leaded gasoline samples (4%) were mixed with aromatic solvents, whereas about 28% of the automotive diesel samples suffered from some degree of adulteration, mainly with cheaper heating fuel; and one automotive diesel sample was adulterated with a lighter fraction. Fuel misuse is a common problem not only for European countries but for practically every nation in the world. The European Union recently expressed its concern on this issue, mandating that by the year 2002 all the member states will promote the development of a uniform system for fuel quality monitoring. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. en
heal.publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD en
heal.journalName Energy en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/S0360-5442(02)00091-9 en
dc.identifier.isi ISI:000179997400002 en
dc.identifier.volume 28 en
dc.identifier.issue 1 en
dc.identifier.spage 15 en
dc.identifier.epage 26 en


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