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Landfill Base Liners: Assessment of Material Equivalency and Impact to Groundwater

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dc.contributor.author Kandris, K en
dc.contributor.author Pantazidou, M en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-01T02:09:29Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-01T02:09:29Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en
dc.identifier.issn 09603182 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/29847
dc.subject Clay liners en
dc.subject Composite liners en
dc.subject Geosynthetic clay liners en
dc.subject Landfill liner design en
dc.subject Landfills en
dc.subject.other Analytical solutions en
dc.subject.other Clay liners en
dc.subject.other Compacted clay liner en
dc.subject.other Composite liner en
dc.subject.other Contaminant concentrations en
dc.subject.other Critical parameter en
dc.subject.other Discharge rates en
dc.subject.other Flow and transport en
dc.subject.other Geosynthetic clay liners en
dc.subject.other Inorganic contaminants en
dc.subject.other Key parameters en
dc.subject.other Landfill liner design en
dc.subject.other Leachate flows en
dc.subject.other Liner design en
dc.subject.other Organic contaminant en
dc.subject.other Retardation factors en
dc.subject.other Transport calculation en
dc.subject.other Contamination en
dc.subject.other Geosynthetic materials en
dc.subject.other Groundwater en
dc.subject.other Impurities en
dc.subject.other Land fill en
dc.subject.other Leachate treatment en
dc.subject.other Leaching en
dc.subject.other Nanocomposite films en
dc.subject.other Groundwater pollution en
dc.subject.other assessment method en
dc.subject.other clay liner en
dc.subject.other composite en
dc.subject.other geomembrane en
dc.subject.other groundwater pollution en
dc.subject.other landfill liner en
dc.subject.other leachate en
dc.subject.other organic pollutant en
dc.subject.other pollutant transport en
dc.title Landfill Base Liners: Assessment of Material Equivalency and Impact to Groundwater en
heal.type journalArticle en
heal.identifier.primary 10.1007/s10706-011-9447-4 en
heal.identifier.secondary http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10706-011-9447-4 en
heal.publicationDate 2012 en
heal.abstract This paper gathered available flow and transport solutions and used them for two composite liners, consisting of geomembrane (GM) overlying either a compacted clay liner (CCL) or a geosynthetic clay liner (GCL). Its aim is to provide a guiding framework for the possible choices of (a) approaches to bottom liner design, (b) respective analytical solutions to flow and transport equations, as well as (c) parameters required for each type of solution. On the basis of the obtained results, the following recommendations are made. When the goal of analysis is to determine material equivalency, leachate flow rate is an adequate key parameter for GM-CCL composite liners. For GM-GCL composite liners, it is necessary to compute contaminant concentration or mass flux, considering (a) transport through defects for inorganic contaminants and (b) diffusion and the contribution of any available attenuation layer for organic contaminants. When the goal of analysis is to assess impact to groundwater, it is advised to calculate both discharge rate and contaminant mass flux regardless of liner type. The critical parameter for the transport calculations is the retardation factor of the contaminant, for the case of CCLs, while the results for GCLs are much less sensitive to this parameter. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. en
heal.journalName Geotechnical and Geological Engineering en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10706-011-9447-4 en
dc.identifier.volume 30 en
dc.identifier.issue 1 en
dc.identifier.spage 27 en
dc.identifier.epage 44 en


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