The U.S. radium industry: Industrial in-house research and the commercialization of science

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dc.contributor.author Rentetzi, M en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-01T01:29:20Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-01T01:29:20Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en
dc.identifier.issn 0026-4695 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/19236
dc.subject Commercialization of science en
dc.subject Industrial in-house research en
dc.subject Radioactivity en
dc.subject Radium industry en
dc.subject Standard Chemical Company en
dc.subject.classification Education & Educational Research en
dc.subject.classification History & Philosophy Of Science en
dc.subject.classification Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary en
dc.subject.other FERTILIZER en
dc.subject.other HISTORY en
dc.title The U.S. radium industry: Industrial in-house research and the commercialization of science en
heal.type journalArticle en
heal.identifier.primary 10.1007/s11024-008-9111-1 en
heal.identifier.secondary http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11024-008-9111-1 en
heal.language English en
heal.publicationDate 2008 en
heal.abstract A fierce debate ensued after the announcement in 1913 in the U.S.A. that all rights and ownership of radium-bearing ores found on public land would be reserved by the government. At stake was the State monopolization of radium that pitted powerful industrialists with radium claims, mainly in the Colorado area, against the Bureau of Mines and prestigious physicians who wished to reserve radium for medical uses. This article describes the strategies of one of the biggest U.S. radium industries that dominated the radium market, created huge customer bases, and legitimized their role within the scientific community. In contrast to the European ""radium situation,"" radium extraction, production, and marketing in the United States was controlled by the industry; and industrial in-house research was clearly separate from that done in academic circles. The production of knowledge was ready-made in the factory and was entangled with commercial orders and advertising patterns. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. en
heal.publisher SPRINGER en
heal.journalName Minerva en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s11024-008-9111-1 en
dc.identifier.isi ISI:000261832300003 en
dc.identifier.volume 46 en
dc.identifier.issue 4 en
dc.identifier.spage 437 en
dc.identifier.epage 462 en

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