Wildland fire spread modelling using cellular automata: Evolution in large-scale spatially heterogeneous environments under fire suppression tactics

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dc.contributor.author Alexandridis, A en
dc.contributor.author Russo, L en
dc.contributor.author Vakalis, D en
dc.contributor.author Bafas, GV en
dc.contributor.author Siettos, CI en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-01T01:37:34Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-01T01:37:34Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en
dc.identifier.issn 1049-8001 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/21555
dc.subject complex systems en
dc.subject geographical information systems en
dc.subject mountainous landscapes en
dc.subject.classification Forestry en
dc.subject.other CROWN FIRE en
dc.subject.other OPERATIONAL SYSTEM en
dc.subject.other FOREST-FIRES en
dc.subject.other FUELS en
dc.subject.other WIND en
dc.subject.other SIMULATION en
dc.subject.other BEHAVIOR en
dc.subject.other RADIATION en
dc.subject.other WILDFIRE en
dc.subject.other PROPAGATION en
dc.title Wildland fire spread modelling using cellular automata: Evolution in large-scale spatially heterogeneous environments under fire suppression tactics en
heal.type journalArticle en
heal.identifier.primary 10.1071/WF09119 en
heal.identifier.secondary http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WF09119 en
heal.language English en
heal.publicationDate 2011 en
heal.abstract We show how microscopic modelling techniques such as Cellular Automata linked with detailed geographical information systems (GIS) and meteorological data can be used to efficiently predict the evolution of fire fronts on mountainous and heterogeneous wild forest landscapes. In particular, we present a lattice-based dynamic model that includes various factors, ranging from landscape and earth statistics, attributes of vegetation and wind field data to the humidity of the fuel and the spotting transfer mechanism. We also attempt to model specific fire suppression tactics based on air tanker attacks utilising technical specifications as well as operational capabilities of the aircrafts. We use the detailed model to approximate the dynamics of a large-scale fire that broke out in a region on the west flank of the Greek National Park of Parnitha Mountain in June of 2007. The comparison between the simulation and the actual results showed that the proposed model predicts the fire-spread characteristics in an adequate manner. Finally, we discuss how such a detailed model can be exploited in order to design and develop, in a systematic way, fire risk management policies. © 2011 IAWF. en
heal.publisher CSIRO PUBLISHING en
heal.journalName International Journal of Wildland Fire en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1071/WF09119 en
dc.identifier.isi ISI:000293641400002 en
dc.identifier.volume 20 en
dc.identifier.issue 5 en
dc.identifier.spage 633 en
dc.identifier.epage 647 en

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