Carbonate-rich mining tailings in Lavrion: Risk assessment and proposed rehabilitation schemes

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dc.contributor.author Xenidis, A en
dc.contributor.author Papassiopi, N en
dc.contributor.author Komnitsas, K en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-01T11:44:33Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-01T11:44:33Z
dc.date.issued 2003 en
dc.identifier.issn 1093-0191 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/37006
dc.subject Carbonaceous tailings en
dc.subject Environmental characterisation en
dc.subject Lavrion en
dc.subject Rehabilitation en
dc.subject Risk assessment en
dc.subject.classification Engineering, Environmental en
dc.subject.classification Engineering, Chemical en
dc.subject.other Environmental impact en
dc.subject.other Geochemistry en
dc.subject.other Hazardous materials en
dc.subject.other Health hazards en
dc.subject.other Mining en
dc.subject.other Pollution en
dc.subject.other Risk assessment en
dc.subject.other Carbonaceous tailings en
dc.subject.other Tailings en
dc.subject.other arsenic en
dc.subject.other cadmium en
dc.subject.other carbonic acid en
dc.subject.other lead en
dc.subject.other acid mine drainage en
dc.subject.other adult en
dc.subject.other child en
dc.subject.other controlled study en
dc.subject.other decision making en
dc.subject.other environmental exposure en
dc.subject.other geochemical analysis en
dc.subject.other Greece en
dc.subject.other health hazard en
dc.subject.other human en
dc.subject.other industrial waste en
dc.subject.other ingestion en
dc.subject.other inhalation en
dc.subject.other plant en
dc.subject.other priority journal en
dc.subject.other public health en
dc.subject.other quantitative analysis en
dc.subject.other review en
dc.subject.other risk assessment en
dc.subject.other soil pollution en
dc.subject.other soil treatment en
dc.subject.other waste management en
dc.title Carbonate-rich mining tailings in Lavrion: Risk assessment and proposed rehabilitation schemes en
heal.type other en
heal.identifier.primary 10.1016/S1093-0191(02)00017-5 en
heal.identifier.secondary http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1093-0191(02)00017-5 en
heal.language English en
heal.publicationDate 2003 en
heal.abstract In Lavrion, Greece, the mining and metallurgical activities that were particularly intensive during the last century resulted in the generation of huge amounts of wastes, including acid-generating sulfidic tailings, carbonaceous tailings and slags. Their improper management in the past resulted in the migration of heavy metals to the surroundings, contributing to widespread soil contamination. As a result, the local population is exposed to multiple hazardous pollution sources. The present study aims to combine the available geochemical characterisation. techniques and risk assessment tools in order to identify the specific risks associated with the carbonate wastes and determine the remedial measures required accordingly. The risk assessment study of the carbonate tailings resulted in the identification of three high-risk exposure routes for humans: direct contact, ingestion and inhalation of contaminated material. Plant uptake and secondary contamination of soils are rated as high-risk exposure routes only for 'Savoura' tailings. Quantification of the human health risks indicated that direct ingestion of contaminated particles is the most important exposure route for the intake of contaminants by humans. The intake of Pb, As and Cd by adults and children living in the vicinity of carbonaceous tailings was found to exceed the maximum tolerable risk. Based on the risk assessment results, several remediation options were examined, aimed at either removing the source or breaking the significant source-pathway-target relationships. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. en
heal.publisher ELSEVIER SCI LTD en
heal.journalName Advances in Environmental Research en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/S1093-0191(02)00017-5 en
dc.identifier.isi ISI:000181212100022 en
dc.identifier.volume 7 en
dc.identifier.issue 2 en
dc.identifier.spage 479 en
dc.identifier.epage 494 en

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