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A brief history of urban water supply in antiquity

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dc.contributor.author Mays, LW en
dc.contributor.author Koutsoyiannis, D en
dc.contributor.author Angelakis, AN en
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-01T11:44:44Z
dc.date.available 2014-03-01T11:44:44Z
dc.date.issued 2007 en
dc.identifier.issn 16069749 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/37125
dc.subject Ancient civilizations en
dc.subject Aqueducts en
dc.subject Cisterns en
dc.subject Urban water distribution en
dc.subject.other Lakes en
dc.subject.other Rivers en
dc.subject.other Water management en
dc.subject.other Water wells en
dc.subject.other Ancient civilizations en
dc.subject.other Aqueducts en
dc.subject.other Urban water distribution en
dc.subject.other Water supply en
dc.subject.other ground water en
dc.subject.other rain en
dc.subject.other Lakes en
dc.subject.other Rivers en
dc.subject.other Water management en
dc.subject.other Water supply en
dc.subject.other Water wells en
dc.subject.other Bronze Age en
dc.subject.other civilization en
dc.subject.other climate conditions en
dc.subject.other geomorphology en
dc.subject.other rainwater en
dc.subject.other Roman era en
dc.subject.other topography en
dc.subject.other urban area en
dc.subject.other water management en
dc.subject.other water supply en
dc.subject.other civilization en
dc.subject.other geomorphology en
dc.subject.other human en
dc.subject.other review en
dc.subject.other topography en
dc.subject.other urban area en
dc.subject.other water supply en
dc.subject.other water transport en
dc.title A brief history of urban water supply in antiquity en
heal.type other en
heal.identifier.primary 10.2166/ws.2007.001 en
heal.identifier.secondary http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/ws.2007.001 en
heal.publicationDate 2007 en
heal.abstract A brief history of ancient water supply techniques for urban areas from the earliest civilizations through the Roman times is presented. Throughout the history of urban centers, a sufficient water supply has been the backbone of each city. All sources of water, rivers, lakes, springs, underground sources, and rainwater collection, were exploited for urban supply starting from the earliest civilizations. The specific choice was dependent upon the civilization, the geomorphology, the topography, and the local climatic and hydrological conditions. No large-scale lifting techniques were available; thus, water was transferred from the source by aqueducts from a higher altitude. Cisterns used for collection of rain water and wells for drawing groundwater were very well developed since the Bronze Age. During historical times, Greeks and later Romans reached a high level of water supply technologies that greatly influenced modern achievements in water engineering and management. © IWA Publishing 2007. en
heal.journalName Water Science and Technology: Water Supply en
dc.identifier.doi 10.2166/ws.2007.001 en
dc.identifier.volume 7 en
dc.identifier.issue 1 en
dc.identifier.spage 1 en
dc.identifier.epage 12 en


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